European Union will be banning PFCAs under REACH

European Union will be banning PFCAs under REACH

Perfluorinated carboxylic acids restricted under REACH Annex XVII Entry 68

 

The European Union (EU) published on 5 August 2021 Regulation (EU) No 2021/1297 which updated Annex XVII of REACH. Certain perfluorocarboxylic acids (C9-C14 PFCAs), their salts and C9-C14 PFCA-related substances will be banned from being placed on the market or used in most applications from 25 February 2023 onwards.

 

Summarised below the main updates on restricted substances included:

 

 

Entry Nº

Substance name

Conditions3

Effective Date3

68

C9-C14 PFCAs1, their salts and C9-C14 related substances2

 

1 Linear and branched perfluorocarboxylic acids of the formula CnF2n+1-C(= O)OH where n = 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, or 13.

 

2 Any C9-C14 PFCA-related substance having a perfluoro group with the formula CnF2n+1- directly attached to another carbon atom, where n = 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, or 13.

 

Any C9-C14 PFCA-related substance having a perfluoro group with the formula CnF2n+1- that it is not directly attached to another carbon atom, where n = 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 or 14 as one of the structural elements.

 

The following substances are excluded from this designation:

  • CnF2n+1-X, where X = F, Cl, or Br where n = 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 or 14, including any combinations thereof,
  • CnF2n+1-C(= O)OX' where n> 13 and X'=any group, including salts.

Shall not be manufactured or placed on the market as substances on their own

25 February 2023

Shall not be used or placed on the market in:

 

a) another substance, as a constituent;

b) A mixture;

c) an article,

 

Exception:

  • The concentration in the substance, mixture or article is < 25 ppb for the sum of C9-C14 PFCAs and their salts or < 260 ppb for the sum of C9-C14 PFCA-related substances.

Some derogations include, within others:

  • The concentration limit shall be 10 ppm for the sum of C9-C14 PFCAs, their salts and C9-C14 related substances where they are present in a substance to be used as transported isolated intermediate for the manufacturing of fluorochemicals with a perfluoro carbon chain length of less than or equal to 6 atoms.

 

25 February 2023

 

This deadline changes depending on the use. Main applications include, within others:

 

4 July 2023: Textiles or oil- and water-repellency for the protection of workers from dangerous liquids that comprise risks to their health and safety.

 

4 July 2025: Invasive and implantable medical devices.

 

25 August 2028: Can coating for pressurized metered-dose inhalers.

 

31 December 2023: Semiconductors on their own and/or semiconductors incorporated in semi-finished electronic equipment. For semiconductors used in spare or replacement parts for finished electronic equipment placed on the market before 31 December 2023, it shall apply from 31 December 2030.

 

3 Read the conditions of the full restriction here.

24 August 2021

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